The Constellation
Capricornus

The Constellation CapricornThe constellation Capricornus is probably the oldest constellation in the Zodiac with a great deal of mythology connected to these stars.

Usually this group of stars is shown as a “sea goat” with the forequarters of a goat and the tail of a fish. The origins of a goat or a goat-fish figure may have been pre-historic. Carvings of a goat and goat-fish have been found on Babylonian tablets dating back as far as 3,000 years.

According to the ancients, the constellation of Capricornus was the Gate of the Gods. The souls of the mortals passed through this portal after they died.

One myth identifies this constellation with Amalthea, the goat that suckled Zeus when he was an infant.

Another myth associates Capricornus with Pan, the lusty god, who tried to get away from the monster Typhon. To escape Typhon, the gods turned themselves into animals. But Pan panicked (thus the origin of the word). As he leapt into the river feet-first, half of him became a fish tail and the other half remained a goat.

The constellation of Capricornus is also associated with ancient Sumeria and the god called EA. EA is also known as Oannes. This god is credited with bringing science and culture from the sea to mankind.

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“Mythology: the body of a primitive people's beliefs, concerning its origin, early history, heroes, deities and so forth, as distinguished from the true accounts which it invents later.” 
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"It is the part of men to fear and tremble when the most mighty gods by tokens send such dreadful heralds to astonish us."
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“A one sentence definition of mythology? "Mythology" is what we call someone else's religion” 
-- Joseph Campbell
 

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"In all the antique religions, Mythology takes the place of dogma."
-- William Robertson Smith
 

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"A myth is an image in terms of which we try to make sense of the world."
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