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Grecian Pantheon

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Grecian Pantheon Name Index

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Grecian PantheonThe Grecian Pantheon is composed of the gods, goddesses, and characters found in Greek Mythology. Greek Mythology is a series of stories and beliefs embraced by the Ancient Greeks that concerned their heroes, god worship, origins and nature of the world. It also points to the origins and significance of their god cults and ritual practices.

Without question, Greek Mythology has had an extensive influence on the culture, arts, literature, and political systems of modern Western civilization. Just as philosophers, poets, and artists from Ancient times derived inspiration from Greek Mythology, its gods and goddesses continue to be a part of todays educational fabric.

When exploring the Grecian Pantheon, note that its inhabitants are divided into several different classifications or categories:

  • The Primordial Gods were the first to emerge at Creation to form the Universe. The Earth, the Seas, the Day, the Night were all in this category. Although they were Divine, they were elemental in form. They are sometimes known as the Protogenoi, or "First Born" gods.
  • The Olympian Gods are twelve in number (sometimes thirteen) who governed the Universe and commanded the lesser gods and spirits.
  • The Titan Gods, also known as the Elder Gods, ruled the Earth before the Olympian Gods overthrew them. They were responsible for the order of time and for establishing fixed heavenly cycles.
  • The Giants, a.k.a. to the Greeks as Gigantes ("the earth-born") were oversized and frequently hideous men who were closely related to the gods. They include the Cyclopes and the Hecatoncheires.
  • Sky Gods were in charge of the air, winds, breezes, dawn, day sunset, night, rainbows, even the seasons.
  • Sea Gods commanded the seas and all of their activity.
  • Earth Gods were in charge of the physical earth including its resources, agriculture, yield, and bounty.
  • River Gods, a.k.a. Potamoi, held dominion and responsibility for the rivers of the land.
  • Underworld Gods, led by Hades, were in charge of death, souls, ghosts, and torment.
  • Spirits were divided into groups each with different responsibilities. Some dealt with nature, others with the mind and body of humans, while yet others dealt with the celestial Constellations themselves. Every Constellation in the sky was secured by one or more Spirits.
  • Nymphs nourished life in the four Elements and controlled natural phenomena.
  • Beasts, Creatures, and Monsters include Dragons, Centaurs, Minotaurs, Sphinx, Griffins and the like. Additional, included in this category are the Unicorns, Pegasus, the Nemean Lion, Phoenix, and more.
  • Deified Mortals were those that, either through merit or because the gods took a liking to them, were elevated to immortality to live forever in the presence of the gods.
  • Mortals include those that achieved a notable role in their life realizing full well that all events were at the hand of the gods. (What's particularly interesting to note is that although they were considered "mortal," their legacy has lived these thousands of years in tandem with the gods they worshipped).
  • Heros and Heroines include beings of great strength and/or courage that were celebrated for their bold exploits and were worshipped, after death, as minor divinities. Often they were the offspring of a mortal and a god.
  • Other includes those not readily classified in a specific category.

 

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“Mythology: the body of a primitive people's beliefs, concerning its origin, early history, heroes, deities and so forth, as distinguished from the true accounts which it invents later.” 
-- Ambrose Bierce

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“A one sentence definition of mythology? "Mythology" is what we call someone else's religion” 
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